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Etiquetas:

Infografía que muestra como los efectos del cambio climático están ocurriendo en todo el mundo. Cambios de temperatura y precipitaciones, retroceso de glaciares, incremento en el nivel del mar, aumento en la intensidad y frecuencia de eventos extremos. El Perú no está exento de estos efectos por lo cual ha decidido gestionar el cambio climático. Esta infografía presenta los compromisos voluntarios del Perú para el 2021, los avances en la gestión del cambio climático en el Perú, un breve introducción a los conceptos de: efecto invernadero, calentamiento global y el mismo cambio climático. Ademas nos presenta las 7 razones por la cual el Perú es vulnerable al cambio climático; una de ellas, porque posee sistemas montañosos frágiles como los glaciares tropicales.

Fuente en MINAM Perú: http://www.minam.gob.pe/cambioclimatico/wp-content/uploads/sites/11/2013/10/Infografía-CC-2.jpg

Autor:
MINAM Perú
Idioma: Español

This article argues that the Kyoto Protocol to the 1992 Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) was doomed to fail ab initio because it systematically misunderstood the nature of climate change as a policy issue between 1985 and 2009. It explains why this is the case by analyzing the Kyoto Protocol’s shortcomings and deficiencies. Moving the climate change agenda forward multilaterally among the 195 parties to the UNFCCC is proving to be a serious challenge. The lack of progress in UNFCCC negotiations in recent years, especially the failure to obtain an international agreement on emissions limitations targets and timetables by all major developed and developing country emitters, has led many to question whether the UNFCCC is, in fact, the best and most effective forum for mobilizing a global response to climate change. The current approach to negotiating a comprehensive, universal, and legally binding global agreement on climate change is unlikely to succeed. The near-disaster 2009 Conference of the Parties-15 in Copenhagen empirically demonstrated that the UN machinery is incapable of moving forward fast enough to produce a global climate deal. Moreover, international climate policy, as it has been understood and practiced by many governments of the world under the Kyoto Protocol approach, has failed to produce any discernable real world reductions in emissions of greenhouse gases since the mid 1990s. Part 2 is devoted to the main legal, structural, and policy responses to climate change by providing an analysis of most Conferences of the Parties. Part 3 provides then an analysis of the Kyoto Protocol. Part 4 then analyzes the position of the three main players in climate change: the U.S., China, and the European Union. The article concludes with some recommendations for the future.

Autor:
Leal, Arcas Rafael
Idioma: Inglés

Entre el 10 y 11 de junio, en la ciudad de Cusco, se realizó el II seminario internacional andino "La educación frente al cambio climático en la región andina. Experiencias educativas de Ecuador, Perú y Bolivia". Este seminario se desarrolló en el marco del Convenio Regional Andino, financiado por la Agencia Española de Cooperación Internacional para el Desarrollo, y coejecutado por Educación Sin Fronteras y otras diez organizaciones de Ecuador, Perú y Bolivia (AEDES, Asociación Chira, CEBIAE, CENFOPAR, CEPESER, CETM, Corporación Catamayo, DESCO y El Taller). Para el seminario, se contó, además, con el auspicio del gobierno regional del Cusco y Soluciones Prácticas.

Idioma: Español

A través de los siglos, los seres humanos han sufrido desastres de diverso origen y magnitud. La falta de una estrategia para afrontarlos ha significado, en muchos casos, la desaparición de pueblos, etnias e incluso culturas enteras. Estas estrategias de «adaptación» no pasan siempre por el uso de tecnologías de punta, sino por aspectos tan simples y accesibles como la organización y la cooperación, y por el uso de tecnologías ancestrales más simples y otras no mucho más complejas, como la identificación de zonas seguras y zonas de riesgo. Este documento no solo toma en cuenta las redes de gestión de riesgo sino también las experiencias surgidas a raíz de la Red Global de Organizaciones de la Sociedad Civil, que cuenta con 500 organizaciones de más de 70 países y tiene como característica principal el evaluar y promover la gestión de riesgo en los niveles locales o sub-nacionales en coordinación con la EIRD, con la que se han venido impulsando iniciativas para medir el avance en la implementación de los acuerdos del MAH desde una perspectiva local.

Idioma: Español

Climate changes, especially increased variability, affect landscapes, human livelihoods and trees in many ways. They are the consequence of a wider set of global change issues, including population increase, more consumption per capita and trade globalisation. Both people and trees can adapt to change at various time scales, but the current rate of change implies that pro-active planning as part of integrated rural development is needed. Lessons learnt from 'best practices' of rural development and natural resources management in the tropics suggest development strategies that can be shared more widely in the field and relevant research to support their refinement. In the current climate-change debates, 'trees' have received surprisingly little attention, while the issues of sustainable forest management are only beginning to appear on the agenda. Where national adaptation plans are made for developing countries, trees and forests both deserve full
attention. Jointly, they are part of 'multifunctional landscapes'.
This book focuses on the relationship between climate-change adaptation, rural development and the roles of trees and agroforestry. Rewards' schemes for environmental services (RES) in multifunctional landscapes, which provide incentives for maintaining or restoring multifunctionality, will contribute to a likely reduction in vulnerability to climate change. Rewards
may well be an efficient and fair way of investing international funds in climate-change adaptation. The voluntary, conditional and pro-poor aspects of RES will also help to bring the voice of grassroots stakeholders into international and national decision-making processes on how to deal with climate change. That can ensure realism and efficiency in climate-change adaptation, which is yet another strand to be integrated in rural development programs. The argument for such an approach is built on the underlying concepts of climate change, rural livelihoods and multifunctionality of landscapes, as well as the specific roles of trees and farmers as providers of environmental services in agricultural landscapes. However, trees themselves are vulnerable to climate change and co-adaptation is needed and is possible.

Idioma: Inglés

Snow is an important component of the cryosphere, and an integral part of the global climate system; snow cover both affects and is affected by patterns of climate and climate change. Observation and monitoring of components of the cryosphere are necessary for an understanding of the cryospheric and terrestrial climate system. Predictions about the future state of the environment, in particular the functioning of the climate system, cannot be attempted without thorough analysis of cryospheric processes.

The Hindu Kush-Himalayan (HKH) region contains the greatest expanse of snow and ice outside the polar regions. However, few scientific data are available on snow cover in the region, and the existing data tend to be site specific and short term. The anticipated change in precipitation patterns driven by climate change is likely to have a considerable impact on the more than 1.3 billion people dependent on the Himalayan cryosphere for freshwater. Thus it is increasingly important to develop an overview of snow cover and prepare a basis for assessing future trends.

This report documents the first results of an attempt to develop a comprehensive description of snow cover across the
whole HKH region. The study was carried out under the project ’Too Much, Too Little Water – Adaptation Strategies to Climate-Induced Water Stress and Hazards in the Greater Himalayan Region’, supported by the Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency (Sida).

Idioma: Inglés

This report provides a comprehensive account of the glacier coverage of the entire Hindu Kush-Himalayan region based on a standardised analysis of satellite images over a limited time frame. A mountain web portal (http://geoportal.icimod.org/HKHGlacier) has been set up to complement the report and provide easy access to the data and analyses. The report and the database serve as a significant step in filling the gap in information on the glaciers of the Hindu Kush-Himalayan region. The data analyses are presented in terms of the major river basins: Amu Darya, Brahmaputra, Ganges, Indus, Irrawaddy, Mekong, Salween, Tarim, Yangtze, and Yellow, and the large Himalayan interior basin. These basins extend across the seven Hindu Kush-Himalayan countries of Afghanistan,
Bhutan, China, India, Myanmar, Nepal, and Pakistan. The eighth Hindu Kush-Himalayan country, Bangladesh, has
no glacial cover. A consistent remote sensing methodology was used to delineate the clean-ice and debris cover of
glaciers and the glacier attribute parameters which are documented in line with the standards provided by the World
Glacier Monitoring Services. The report provides a comprehensive account of glaciers to cover the entire region
utilising a uniform methodological approach.

Idioma:

At the 2010 Cancun Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), the international community agreed in principle to one of the largest development programs in history. The developed nations pledged to mobilize U.S.$100 billion per year by the year 2020 to “address the needs of developing countries” in responding to climate change (1). The funds, which may apply to adaptation and mitigation, are proposed to flow through multiple channels, including existing development banks, official development assistance, bilateral programs, international private investment flows (e.g., carbon markets), and other public and private mechanisms. Recommendations provided by a transitional committee for the management and operation of the proposed climate change financing will be considered by the parties to the UNFCCC at the upcoming conference in Durban, South Africa.

Autor:
Donner, Simon D.; Kandlikar, Milind; Zerriffi, Hisham
Idioma: Inglés

This publication analyses and presents how climate change affects or will likely affect wild animals and their habitats. Although climate change has already been observed and monitored over several decades, there are not many long-term studies on how the phenomenon is affecting wildlife. There is growing evidence, however, that climate change significantly exacerbates other major human-induced pressures such as encroachment, deforestation, forest degradation, land-use change, pollution and overexploitation of wildlife resources. Case studies are presented in this book that describe some of the body of evidence, in some instances, and provide projections of likely scenarios, in others.

Idioma: Inglés

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